Did you know that in Germany it is not illegal to escape from jail because….

Inform Ethiop-Ya

There are some interesting and some quite weird laws around the world. For example, trying to break out of prison is actually not illegal in Germany or Austria. This may seem strange but the authorities in these two countries consider it “basic human instinct” for an imprisoned person to seek their own freedom. This law was introduced back in 1880.

germany

This legal fact means that a prisoner in one of these two countries will not be punished if they get caught while trying to escape from incarceration. Of course, this doesn’t mean that if a prisoner is caught trying to escape from jail the guards would just let them go. In fact, in those two countries it is punishable to assist someone in escaping from prison. A person caught helping a prisoner plan and perform their escape can be sentenced to up to 5 years in jail.

Prison outbreaks and…

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What Are The Biggest Men’s Fashion Don’ts?

1. Socks with Sandals Slide

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Never wear socks with sandals. Don’t do it, under any circumstances. This is one of the most glaringly bad fashion choices in the book. No one will ever take you seriously if you dress this way, especially if you show it off by wearing shorts!

If it’s too cold for sandals, do not wear sandals. If you’re older than 13, this should be common sense by now.

2. Jorts

You may wonder why jean shorts are forbidden, and you aren’t alone. Most people aren’t aware of why this specific style is such a major fashion don’t for men. All we know is that men look dorky in denim shorts. Period!

Don’t worry about the reasoning! Just buy a different style of shorts and enter the ranks of the fashionable.

Man wearing red shirt and jean shorts

3. The Basics of Buttons

If you’re wearing a jacket, blazer, or coat with more than one button, don’t fasten the bottom button. If you’re wearing a dress shirt or polo shirt, and you aren’t wearing a tie, leave one or two buttons open at the top.

If you aren’t wearing a tie and you have your shirt buttoned all the way to the top, you’ll come across as a nerd. But two is the limit; if you leave any more than that unbuttoned, you’re entering David Hasselhoff territory. Gross!

Man with thick glasses and buttoned up shirt

4. Tank Tops

Tank tops are rarely, if ever, appropriate attire, and there is a reason why the men’s ribbed white tank has such a bad reputation. Put on a t-shirt instead, and you’ll receive a lot fewer glares from women on the street!

– See more at: http://www.chacha.com/gallery/4961/what-are-the-biggest-men-s-fashion-don-ts/47077#sthash.9g4JBGgZ.dpuf

Man wearing white tank top

5. Square-Toed Shoes

If you really want people to think you’re a total square, feel free to wear shoes with square toes. Otherwise, you should always opt for the rounder edges. You can’t say we didn’t warn you!

Square toed black men's dress shoes

6. Speedos

Unless you’re a bodybuilder, dancing on a float in a pride parade, or a member of a competitive swim team, there is no reason for you to ever sport a speedo. Go to the store and buy a legitimate piece of swimwear, fellas. By doing so, you’ll make the world a better place!

Michael Phelps in a silver coat

7. Baggy Pants

Unless you are a teenager, it’s time to stop walking around in droopy drawers. No one wants to see your underwear out in public, and women think you look terrible. Is that really the reaction you want?

This is especially awful if your pants are drooping and they have a belt attached. Don’t fasten the belt around your backside! Wear it at your waist, where it belongs.

Man with baggy pants falling down

8. Crocs

Crocs are a major no-no for men and women alike. Are you gardening? No. So stop it.

Pair of men's crocs in black

9. Hawaiian Shirts

Do you live in Hawaii? Are you on a vacation in a tropical land? Are you part of a Beach Boys cover band? Are you at a Jimmy Buffett concert?

No? Then take off the Hawaiian shirt immediately. You look ridiculous.

Man wearing hawaiian shirt with lei

10. Bad Hair Choices

If you want to be a fashionable gent, avoid the following hairstyles altogether:

  • Mullet
  • Dreadlocks
  • Rattail
  • Bowl cut
  • Comb over
  • Mohawk

Man wearing sunglasses and mullet hairstyle

http://www.chacha.com/gallery/4961/what-are-the-biggest-men-s-fashion-don-ts

የ ቀ ድ ሞ ው ጠ /ሚ /ር ሻ ም በ ል ፍቅ ረሥላሴ ወግደ ረስ መጽ ሐ ፍ ጻፉ – ከክንፉ አሰፋ (ጋዜጠኛ)

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ፀሃይ አሳታሚ ድርጅት በታኅሣሥ 16, 2006 ዓ/ም (Dec. 25, 2013) የቀድሞ የኢትዮጵያ ጠቅላይ ሚኒስትር የነበሩትን የሻምበል ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስን 

‘እኛና አብዮቱ’ የሚል መጽሃፍ ለገበያ እንደሚያበቃ አስታወቀ። ሻምበል ፍቅረሥላሴ እንደ ደርግ አባልነታቸው በጋራ ያመኑበትን፣ የተማከሩትን፣ የወሰኑትን፣
የሰሩትን፣ የገጠማቸውንና በቅርብ በዓይን ምስክርነት ያዩትን ተንትነው በ‘እኛና አብዮቱ’ ያስነብቡናል። የራሳቸውን ዕይታ ያካፍሉናል።

ልጅ ሆነን አንድ አባባል እሰማ ነበር።”አበላል እንደ ደርግ አባል። አለባበስ እንደ ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስ!” – የሚል። በተለይ በኔ ትውልድ ያለን ሰዎች፣
ከዚህ ውጭ ስለኝህ ሰው የምናውቀው ብዙም ነገር አልነበረም። ግና እኝህ ሰው በልባቸው መክሊት ለአመታት የቋጠሩትን መረጃ ጀባ ሲሉን፤”… አጻጻፍም እንደ
ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስ” የሚያሰኝ ሆኖ አገኘሁት።

ሻምበል ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስ ለአስራ አምስት ዓመታት አብዮቱን ሲመሩ ቆይተው ወደ መጨረሻው ከሥልጣን በጡረታ ስም እንዲሰናበቱ ተደርገዋል። ደርግን በጣለው
በወያኔ መንግሥትም ለ፳ ዓመታት ታስረው፣ የሞት ፍርድ የተበየነባቸውና በመጨረሻ ፍርዱ ወደ ዕድሜ ልክ ተዛውሮላቸው ከእሥር ቤት በአመክሮ የወጡ ግለሰብ ናቸው።

ጸሃፊው በድራማ መልክ በመጽሃፋቸው ካሰፈሩዋቸው እውነታዎችና ግለ- ሂሶች ውስጥ አንዳንዶቹን ለአንባቢያን ማካፈሉ አይከፋም። ደርጎች መፈንቅለ መንግስት
አድርገው ሲያበቁ ቀዳማዊ ሃይለስላሴ ዘንድ ቀርበው ከንጉሱ የገጠማቸውን አስገራሚ ምላሽ ሻምበል ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስ በመጽሃፋቸው እንዲህ ሲሉ አስፍረዋል።

የፖለቲካ እሥረኞች በሙሉ እንዲፊቱ የሚለው ጥያቄ እንደተነበበ ንጉሡ ጣልቃ ገብተው “ለመሆኑ የፖለቲካ እሥረኞቹ እነማን ናቸው?” የሚል ጥያቄ አቀረቡ።
“በእርግጥ የምናውቃቸው የፖለቲካ እሥረኞች ባይኖሩም ማንኛውም የፖለቲካ እሥረኛ እንዲፈታ ነው የምንጠይቀው” አሉ ሻለቃ ተስፋዬ ገብረኪዳን። ንጉሡ ራሳቸውን
ነቅነቅ አድርገው ጽሑፉን የሚያነበውን የደርግ አባል እየተመለከቱ “አልገባችሁም!” ብለው ዝም አሉ። በእርግጥም አልገባንም። ተማሪዎችና የተለየ ዓላማ
የነበራቸው የተማሩ ሰዎች የሰነዘሩትን መፈክር ብቻ ነበር ይዘን ንጉሡ ፊት የቀረብነው። በፖለቲካ እሥረኝነት ስም በከፍተኛ ደረጃ ለጣሊያን ወራሪ መንግሥት
በባንዳነት አድረው አገራችንን የወጉ፣ ለቅኝ ተገዥነትም የዳረጉትን እንደ ኃይለሥላሴ ጉግሳ ያሉ ወንጀለኞች የፖለቲካ እሥረኞች ተብለው ከግዞትና ከእሥር ቤት
አስወጥተን እንደ ጀግና ራሳቸውን እንዲቆጥሩ አደረግናቸው።

የነ ጄነራል ተፈሪ በንቲ ጉዳይን አስመልክቶ የሰፈረው ታሪክ ደግሞ እንዲህ ይነበባል።

“በሊቀመንበርነት ስብሰባውን የሚመሩት ጄነራል ተፈሪ ‘የቋሚ ኮሚቴው’በዛሬው ቀን የሚወያይበትን ጉዳይ አስመልክቶ የመቶ አለቃ ዓለማየሁ የደርጉ ዋና ፀሐፊ
ይገልጽልናል’ ብለው ስብሰባው መጀመሩን ካበሰሩ በኋላ ዓለማየሁ በአጀንዳው ላይ አጭር ገለጣ ማድረግ ሲጀምር ስልክ ተደወለ። ስልኩ ሌ/ኮሎኔል መንግሥቱ አጠገብ
ስለነበር ወዲያው ቅጭል እንዳለ መነጋገሪያውን በማንሳት ሃሎ አሉ። ከሌላው ጫፍ ማን እንደደወለ አላወቀንም። በኋላ እንደታወቀው ሌ/ኮሎኔል ዳንኤል ነበር
የደወለው። ምን እንደተነጋገሩ አልተሰማም። ሌ/ኮሎኔል መንግሥቱ ብቻ “እሺ እሺ” ብለው ስልኩን ዘጉት። ስልኩን እንደዘጉ “ይቅርታ ስልኩ የተደወለው ከጎንደር
ነው። ጎንደር ውስጥ ችግር አለ። እናንተ ቀጥሉ” ብለው ከጀርባቸው ባለው በር በኩል ውልቅ አሉ። በዚህን ጊዜ ዓለማየሁና ሞገስ ጥርጣሬ የገባቸው መሰለ።
ዓለማየሁ ንግግሩን አቋርጦ በመስኮት በኩል ውጭ ውጭዉን መመልከት ጀመረ። ዓይኖቹ አላርፍ አሉ። ግራና ቀኝ ይመለከታል። አጠገቡ ያሉትን ሰዎች ሁሉ በጥርጣሬ
ተመለከተ። ሻምበል ሞገስም በር በሩን ይመለከታል። ከአሁን አሁን አንድ ችግር ይከሰታል የሚል ፍርሃት ያደረበት ይመስላል። ሁሉም የኢሕአፓ አባላትና ደጋፊዎች
ፈርተዋል። እንደፈሩት አልቀረም ሌ/ኮሎኔል መንግሥቱ ከወጡ ሁለት ደቂቃ እንኳን አልሞላም ከበስተጀርባ ባለው ኮሪደር የወታደሮችን እርምጃ ሰማን። ወታደሮች
ሲንቀሳቀሱ በፊት ለፊታችን ባሉት መስኮቶች በኩል ተመለከትን። በዚህን ጊዜ ፍስሐ ደስታ “ተከብበናል” አለ። ወዲያው ሁለቱም በሮች በኃይል ተበረገዱ። ሁላችንም
ደነገጥን፣ ቀልባችን ተገፈፈ፣ እጢአችንም የወደቀ መሰለን። ድርቅ ብለን በተቀመጥንበት ቀረን።…

ሻምበል ፍቅረሥላሴ ወግደረስ ሰለ ልጅ ሚካኤልን አስተዋይነት ሲያስታውሱ እንዲህ የሚል ግለሂስም ያስነብቡናል።
እኛ በችኮላ ውሳኔ መስጠታችን፣ ሕዝቡን በደንብ አለማወቃችን፣ ሰፊ የሕዝብ አመራር ልምድ ማጣታችን፣ የአገርና የውጭውን ፖለቲካ ውስብሰባዊ ግንኙነት
አለመገንዘባችን፣ የመንግሥትን አሠራር ደንብና ሥርዓት አለመረዳታችን፣ የፖለቲካና ኢኮኖሚ ጥመርታዊ ግንኙነትን መመልከት አለመቻላችን፣ የተለያየ ገንቢም ሆነ
አፍራሽ ተልዕኮ ያላቸው ኃይሎች ተጽዕኖ እንደሚያሳድሩብ ያለማጤናችን፣ በየዋህነትና በቅንነት ብቻ እንደምንሠራ በመገንዘባቸው ሊሆን ይችላል ልጅ ሚካኤል ከእኛ
ጋር መቆየት የሚችሉት ለአጭር ጊዜ ብቻ እንደሚሆን የጠቆሙት…
በወቅቱ ስለ ህዝቡ የእርስ በርስ መጨካከንና መወነጃጀል ባሰፈሩት ክፍል ውስጥ እንዲህ የሚል ታሪክ እናገኛለን።

 

..የሥራ ዕድገት የተከለከለ፣ በሌብነትም ሆነ በስካር ወይም በሌላ ጥፋት የተቀጣ፣ በግል ጉዳይም ሆነ በመንግሥት ሥራ ከአለቃው ጋር የተጣላ፣ በአጋጣሚው
ተጠቅሞ አዲስ ሹመት ወይንም ዕድገት ለማግኘት የሚፈልግ ሁሉ ጠቋሚ፣ ወንጃይ፣ ከሳሽ፣ ተበዳይ ነው።

የተወሰነ ጥቅም ለማግኘት ወይም ሌላውን ለመጉዳት ብለው “ኢትዮጵያ ትቅደምን ይቃወማል፣ ከታሠሩት ባለሥልጣናት ወይም ሚኒስትሮች የቅርብ ዝምድና አለው።
ስለሆነም ሥራ ይበድላል፣ ሠራተኛውን ያጉላላል፣ ውሳኔ አይሰጥም” በማለት አለቆቻቸውን የሚከሱ፣ የሚወነጅሉ በርካታ ናቸው። ለደርግ አባላት ቤታቸው ድረስ
በመሄድ በማስረጃ የተደገፈ ቢሆንም ባይሆንም ተቆርቋሪ በመምሰል የክስ ማመልከቻ የሚያቀርቡም ነበሩ። እንታሠራለን ብለው በፍርሃት የተደበቁ ባለሥልጣናትን
የቅርብ ዘመዶቻቸው ወይም አሽከሮቻቸው ወይም ጎረቤቶቻቸው ደርግ ጽሕፈት ቤት ድረስ በመምጣት ያጋልጧቸው ነበር። የመሥሪያ ቤቶችን ሰነዶች ፎቶ ኮፒ በማድረግ
ወይም ሰነዱን እንዳለ ከፋይሉ አውጥተው በማቅረብ “በመንግሥት ንብረት፣ ሀብት ወይንም ገንዘብ ላይ አላግባብ ተወስኗል” ብለው ጥቆማና መረጃ የሚያቀርቡም
ነበሩ። ሠራተኞች አሠሪዎቻቸውን ይከሳሉ፣ ይወነጅላሉ። ገበሬዎች ለዘመናት በደል አደረሱብን የሚሏቸውን የአካባቢ ባለሥልጣናት ይወነጅላሉ። ውንጀላው በርካታ
ነው።

አሽከሮች፣ ዘበኞች፣ ገረዶች… መረጃ ይሰጣሉ፣ ይጠቁማሉ። የተደበቀ የጦር መሣሪያ፣ የተደበቀ ገንዘብ፣ ወደሌላ ቦታ የተወሰደ ወይም የሸሸ ሀብት እንዳለም
የሚጠቁሙን እነሱ ናቸው። በአንድ ቦታ በርከት ያሉ ሰዎች ተሰብስበው ምሽት ከአሳላፉ “ሲያድሙ ነበር” ብለው ከነስም ዝርዝራቸው መረጃውን ደርግ ጽሕፈት ቤት
ድረስ ያመጣሉ። “እኛ እስከዛሬ የበይ ተመልካች ነበርን ዛሬ ዕድሜ ለእናንተ እንጀራ ሊወጣልን ነው! ከእናንተ ጎን ተሰልፈን አቆርቋዦቹን እንታገላለን!
በማንኛውም ጊዜ ትዕዛዝ ብትሰጡን ለመፈጸም ዝግጁ ነን!” እያሉ ታማኝነታቸውንና ተባባሪነታቸውን የሚገልጡም ብዙዎች ነበሩ። በጣም የሚያስደንቀው አባቶቻቸውን፣
ልጆቻቸውን፣ ወንድሞቻቸውን፣ እህቶቻቸውን፣ ባሎቻቸውን፣ ሚስቶቻቸውን በመክሰስ፣ በመወንጀል፣ በማጋለጥ፣ በመጠቆም ብሎም በማሳሰር ጉዳት ያደረሱ በርካቶች
መሆናቸው ነው።

እንግዲህ ስለ አዲሱ ‘እኛና አብዮቱ’ መጽሃፍ ይህንን ካልኩ ቀሪውን ለአንባቢ መተው ይበጃል። ሁሉም ሰው መጽሃፉን አንብቦ የራሱን ፍርድ ይስጥ።

ህይወት በሩጫ ትመሰላለች። የተፈጥሮ ህግጋት ነውና የሰው ልጅ እስትንፋሱ እስኪቋረጥ ይሮጣል። ከዚያም ሩጫውን ይጨርሳል። ሩጫውን ሳይጨርስ በልቡ ቋጥኝ
የያዘውን እምቅ ቋጠሮ የሚተነፍስ ደግሞ እድለኛ ነው። በአንጻሩ ደግሞ በአእምሮው የቋጠረውን የእውቀት
ምስጢር ሳያካፍል የሚያልፍ ሁሉ ያሳዝናል። ያለውን የወረወረ ንፉግ አይደለምና መንቀፍም ካለብን የሚወረውረውን ሳይሆን የማይወረውረውን ነው። መተቸት ካለብነም
ሃሳቡን እንጂ ግለሰቡን ባይሆን ይመረጣል። በሃሳብ ላይ መወያየትና መተሻሸት ደግሞ አዋቂነት ነው።

በመጨረሻም የመጽሃፉ አርታኢ ኤልያስ ወንድሙ በመግቢያው ላይ ባሰፈረው መልእክት ጽሁፌን ልቋጭ።

የተማረ፣ ያወቀና ያደገ ትውልድና ዜጋ ምልክቱ የተጻፈን ማንበቡ፣ ያነበበውን ማብላላቱና ካነበበው ውስጥ ስንዴውን ከእንክርዳዱ መለየቱ ሲሆን፤ እራሱም
አስተውሎና አገናዝቦ መጻፉ ደግሞ መማሩን ብቻ ሳይሆን መመራመሩንና ማወቁን የሚያሳይ ታላቅ ተግባር ነው። ለዚህም ደግሞ ግላዊ ነጻነት ያስፈልገዋልና ጫንቃው
ላይ ያሉትን ግላዊና ታሪካዊ ቀንበሮች የሰበረ ነጻ ሰው መሆን ይጠበቅበታል። ትምህርትና ዕውቀት አስተዋይነትንና ጥልቀትን ከራስ በላይ ለትውልድ አሳቢነትን
የሚያመለክት ታላቅ ኃላፊነት ነው። ለዚህም እንደ ትናንቱ ‘የተማረ ይግደለን’ ሳይሆን፤ የተማረ ያስተምረን፣ ያስተዳድረን ብሎም ይምራን በምንልበት ዘመን
ከምናነብበው ውስጥ ያልተስማማንበትን
በጨዋነት የመቃወም፣ የፈቀድነውን እንደ ስሜታችን የመደገፍና ተሳሳተ የምንለውን ለእርማት መጠቆም ግላዊ መብታችን ነው።…

* ፀሃይ አሳታሚ ድርጅት ከዚህ በፊት የቀድሞው የኢትዮጵያ ፕሬዝዳንት ኮሎኔል መንግስቱ ኃይለማርያምን፣ የቀድሞውን የህወሃት መሪ ዶ/ር አረጋዊ በርሄን፣
የቀድሞውን የኢህአፓን አመራር አባል የዶ/ር መላኩ ገኝን፣ የቀድሞው ሚንስትር የአቶ ተካልኝ ገዳሙን መጽሃፍትና ከስልሳ በላይ የሆኑ በኢትዮጵያ ታሪክና ጥናት
ላይ ያተኮሩ መጽሃፍትን ማሳታሙ ይታወሳል። ‘እኛና አብዮቱ’ የሚለው ይህ አዲስ መጽሃፍ በwww.tsehaipublishers.co m ድረገጽና በቀርቡ በየሱቁ
አንደሚገኝ ከሎስ አንጀነሰ የደረሰን ዘገባ አስታውቋል። ሁላችንም ገዘተን እናንብብ።
መጽሃፉን አንብቤ እንደጨረስኩ በሂሳዊ ግምገማ እመለስበታለሁ።

POLYGAMY, THE BIBLE’S ULTIMATE FAMILY VALUE (By Joel Baden)

Photo by Jewish Museum/Getty

 
When a court ruled that polygamy won’t be prosecuted in Utah, conservatives said it was a sign we’re losing our “Judeo-Christian” family values. They must not read the Bible much.

In the wake of the Sister Wives lawsuit, and the ruling that cohabitation may not be criminally prosecuted in Utah, it is no surprise to once again hear cries from the religious right that we have fallen ever further down the slippery slope toward utter immorality. It would seem that the words of the prophet Santorum from ten years ago are coming true: “If the Supreme Court says that you have the right to consensual [gay] sex within your home, then you have the right to bigamy, you have the right to polygamy, you have the right to incest, you have the right to adultery”—a list which he elsewhere expanded to include bestiality.

Our bedrock Judeo-Christian values are being undermined by secular modernity, it would seem. Though it might not seem that way if we actually bothered to examine the bedrock of those Judeo-Christian values: the Bible.

At this point it’s been all too frequently repeated, usually via this meme, that the Bible presents lots of different models for marriage and sexual relationships, including monogamy (Adam—though what choice did he have, really); bigamy (Abraham); and polygamy (Jacob, David, Solomon). Since, however, our contemporary issues are legal ones, we might profitably look at the biblical laws regarding marriage and sex. And when we do, what we find is that our view of what can and should be legislated overlaps only very infrequently with the view attributed to God.

Here’s where the agreement lies: bestiality and incest. Both are forbidden by both biblical and modern American jurisprudence. Adultery is on Rick Santorum’s list, and it’s certainly prohibited in the Bible, but there are 27 states in the US that don’t agree, and 23 more that don’t enforce the Puritan laws still on their books.

Homosexuality is a tricky one. Leviticus pretty clearly forbids two men from having sex. Nowhere, however, does the Bible prohibit two men from being married. Which is to say, a gay couple can, according to God’s law, enjoy the same sort of sexless married life as anyone else. And lesbians have all the freedoms they like, since they are nowhere mentioned anywhere in the Bible.

If a man thinks his wife has been unfaithful, she has to drink a potion made from the ashes of a scroll with a curse written on it, and if she falls ill, she’s guilty. Call it the Salem bitch trials.

Which brings us to polygamy. There are no laws explicitly permitting polygamy, but there are no laws explicitly permitting much of anything—laws are for restricting, not for allowing. So put it the other way: there are no laws explicitly prohibiting polygamy. Actually, more than that: there are laws that fundamentally assume polygamy as their starting point: “If a man has two wives…” (And it doesn’t go on to say “he should be put to death,” just “he should treat them equally,” which actually sounds a lot like the traditional Mormon argument.)

We might as well mention divorce while we’re here. In the Old Testament, a man can divorce his wife for any reason at all. Once he’s divorced her, he can remarry her if he wants, but not if she marries someone else in the interim. In the New Testament, Jesus says that divorce is permitted exclusively in cases of adultery. Our legal system is more Judeo than Christian, in this case.

These are the classic conservative bugaboos, the “traditional” no-no’s that they fear becoming yes-yes’s. But there are other biblical marriage and sex laws that we decided to let go without so much of a fight. Cross-dressing is forbidden in the Bible, but aside from a few counties (weirdly, in Minnesota, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey), we’ve decided that Bosom Buddies represents a morally acceptable paradigm. The Bible gives husbands complete authority over their wives’ decisions; women’s suffrage pretty much sounded the death knell for that one.

And there are a lot of laws that are not only no longer on our books, but never made it there in the first place.

If you sleep with a virgin, you have to marry her—or at least pay her father as if you were going to marry her. Honestly, college is expensive enough as it is.

If a man thinks his wife has been unfaithful, she has to drink a potion made from the ashes of a scroll with a curse written on it, and if she falls terribly ill, she’s guilty. Call it the Salem bitch trials.

If you tell your fiancé that you’re a virgin and it turns out you’re lying, you can be stoned to death. Though to be fair, the Bible hands out stoning penalties like they’re speeding tickets.

If your husband dies before you’ve had a son by him, you’re obligated to marry his brother or other male relative. So always make sure to marry the second-cutest of the bunch, just in case.

Having sex with a woman during her period is forbidden. It’s not a law anywhere in America, but plenty of men sure act like it is. You know who you are.

It’s not just that the biblical laws of sex and marriage aren’t being upheld in contemporary American society. We haven’t somehow lost our Judeo-Christian moral compass when it comes to these issues. We stopped following the biblical map long ago; in most cases, in fact, we never even considered it a reasonable guide.

This makes appeals to the Bible from either side seem rather disingenuous. If you’re against polygamy, then you really can’t use the Bible, since it clearly allows polygamy. If you’re for polygamy, you still probably shouldn’t call on the Bible as your proof text. Yes, in this case it supports your view that the law shouldn’t enter into your private life. But when it comes to invading privacy, the Bible makes the NSA look like a bunch of amateurs.

We should probably admit that our various views on marriage and sex are what they are, and that the Bible really does not have that much to do with it. Though to be fair, the family picture painted by the Bible is probably closest to the one on Sister Wives.

Why Do Harvard Kids Head to Wall Street?

The Baseline Scenario

By James Kwak

That’s the title of a post a couple weeks ago by Ezra Klein, in which he interviewed a friend of his who went to Wall Street after Harvard. Having seen this phenomenon from a couple of different angles, I’d say the interview is right on. This is how Klein summarizes the central theme:

“The impression of the Ivy-to-Wall Street pipeline is that it’s all about the money. You’re saying that it’s actually more that Wall Street has constructed a very intelligent recruiting program that speaks to the anxieties of the students and makes them an offer that there’s almost no reason to refuse.”

When I graduated from college, I had no interest in investment banking or its close cousin, management consulting. But I went to McKinsey for reasons that were only slightly different than those of the typical Ivy League undergrad; after getting a Ph.D. in history…

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Mandela’s Message to Ethiopia’s Youth: Never give up…!

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By Alemayehu g mariam

 Africa’s Wise Lion and Ethiopia’s Restless Cheetahs—Never give up and keep on trying to build your Beloved Ethiopian Community!

December 15, 2013. It is the saddest day of the year for me. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was finally interred with state honors in Qunu, a small rural village in South Africa’s Eastern Cape Province. He spent the “happiest days” of his life there as a shepherd. He returned to Qunu after a long life, a long imprisonment and a long walk to freedom to join his  ancestors. The young shepherd of Qunu returned to his final resting place as the revered, loved and respected shepherd of his people. I bid him farewell. May he rest in eternal peace!

December 15, 2013. It is the happiest day of the year for me. I am just outside Washington, D.C. at a town hall meeting to welcome Semayawi (Blue) Party and its young Chairman Yilikal Getnet. I am here to celebrate Ethiopia’s dynamic and striving young people; to honor them and demonstrate my unflagging and unwavering support for their nonviolent struggle against oppression and human rights violations.

In my first commentary of the year, I declared 2013  “Ethiopia’s Year of the Cheetah (Young) Generation”. I promised  to reach, teach and preach to Ethiopia’s youth in 2013.  I kept my promise.

It is a special privilege and honor for me to be here today with Yilikal. I feel like I have met the chief spokesperson for Ethiopia’s young people yearning to be free – free from ethnic bigotry and hatred; free from tyranny and repression; free to dream, free to think, free to speak, to write and to listen; free to innovate; free to act and free to be free

Ethiopia’s (and for that matter Africa’s) fate hangs in the balance of two generations. As George Ayittey described it, Africa’s “Cheetah Generation” comprises of the “new and angry generation of young African graduates and professionals, who   are dynamic, intellectually agile, and pragmatic. They understand and stress transparency, accountability, human rights, and good governance.” Africa’s Hippos Generation, “is intellectually astigmatic and stuck in their muddy colonialist pedagogical patch. They lack vision and sit comfortable in their belief that the state can solve all of Africa’s problems. All the state needs is more power and more foreign aid.”

It is a great day today because I, a member of Ethiopia’s Hippo Generation stand together with Yilikal, the leader of the Ethiopia’s Cheetah Generation.

I am the foremost supporter of Ethiopia’s Semayawi (Blue) Party, which is a political party of young people, for young people and by young people. Seventy percent of Ethiopia’s population is under age 35.  It is an injustice for me to call it a “party” because it aspires to much more than the pursuit of political power. I believe Semayawi Party to be a movement. It is a movement of young Ethiopians from apathy to engagement, from indifference to caring; from selfishness to community concern; from division to unity; from discord to harmony and from bickering and fighting to reconciliation.

Semayawi Party chose the color blue to symbolize their ideals of unity, peace and hope in Ethiopia. Just like U.N. blue symbolizes peace and hope for all nations.  Just like European Union blue which symbolizes the efforts of over two dozen states working for a more perfect economic and political union. Like Ethiopian blue symbolizing an Ethiopia united, peaceful and hopeful in the Twenty-first Century.

The Blue Party Movement has only one aim: creating the “Beloved Community” Dr. Martin Luther King spoke about in his efforts to secure human and civil rights for all Americans. He said, “The end of nonviolent social change is reconciliation; the end is redemption; the end is the creation of the Beloved Community. It is this type of spirit and this type of love that can transform opponents into friends.” Creating the Beloved Ethiopian Community at peace with itself is  the reason for the existence of the Semayawi Party Movement.

Creating the Beloved Ethiopian Community will not be easy for Semayawi Party Movement. It requires a lot of preparation and effort. It may be a thankless job but someone has to do it. What can Semayawi Party Movement and Ethiopia’s young people do, think and dream to create their community? I believe Ethiopia’s young and restless Cheetahs could learn much from the teachings of Nelson Mandela, the Wise Lion of Africa. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s Cheetahs to…

Dare to be great.  Mandela would remind Ethiopia’s youth of their historical destiny to create a Beloved Ethiopian Community. He would dare them to be great. “Sometimes it falls upon a generation to be great. You can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.”

Change yourselves first before you change society. He would tell them the old ways of hate and fear must give way to the new path of understanding and reconciliation to create a Beloved Ethiopian Community. They must be prepared to learn.  “One of the things I learned when I was negotiating was that until I changed myself, I could not change others.” They must never hate because “Resentment is like drinking poison and then hoping it will kill your enemies.” Hatred is an acquired characteristic. “No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.”

Keep on trying. Mandela would urge Ethiopia’s youth to keep on trying and never, never to give up on the promise of creating a Beloved Ethiopian Community where the ethnic affiliation, language, religion, region are of no more significance than the color of his/her hair. He would tell them to keep on trying until “justice rolls down like waters, and righteousness like an ever-flowing stream” in Ethiopia. He would tell them to keep on trying and never to be afraid to fail, for it is in failure that one finds the seeds of success. “Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.” Failure is no vice; failing to try is. “The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.” He’d tell them not to sit on their laurels but to put their shoulders to the grindstone and keep on keeping on because “After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.”

Come together. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s youth to come together as a youth force to create a Beloved Ethiopian Community. He would advise them that “No single person can liberate a country [or create a Beloved Community]. You can only liberate a country [and create a Beloved Community] if you act as a collective.”

Be virtuous. Mandela would tell Africa’s youth to strive and be virtuous if they are to succeed in creating a Beloved Ethiopian Community. Virtue is moral excellence. It is about striving to do the right thing and doing the right thing even when no one is looking. “As I have said, the first thing is to be honest with yourself. You can never have an impact on society if you have not changed yourself… Great peacemakers are all people of integrity, of honesty, but humility.”

Be patriotic. Mandela believed in patriotism and he would tell Ethiopia’s youth that they must be patriots to their people and continent. Mandela said, “I have always regarded myself, in the first place, as an African patriot.” African patriots threw out colonial masters. South African patriots overthrew apartheid without bloodshed. Ethiopia’s youth must now close ranks to overthrow poverty, ignorance and tyranny and build their Beloved Ethiopian Community.

Be courageous. He would tell them that courage is the essential ingredient in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community. “I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.”

Dream big. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s youth to dream big in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community. The foundation of their community should be peace, unity and hope.   “I dream of an Africa which is in peace with itself.  If there are dreams about a beautiful South Africa, there are also roads that lead to their goal. Two of these roads could be named Goodness and Forgiveness.”

Lead from behind. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s youth that in building their Beloved Ethiopian Community, they must  become “ like a shepherd who stays behind the flock, letting the most nimble go out ahead, whereupon the others follow, not realizing that all along they are being directed from behind.” He would say, “lead from behind and put others in front, especially when you celebrate victory when nice things occur. You take the front line when there is danger. Then people will appreciate your leadership… Lead from the back — and let others believe they are in front.” He would remind them very strongly that “Quitting is leading too.”

Expect trials and tribulations. He would tell Ethiopia’s young people that in building their Beloved Ethiopian Community, they will face many trials and tribulations. They will be persecuted and prosecuted, humiliated and dehumanized. In the end, they are assured of victory.  “I was called a terrorist yesterday, but when I came out of jail, many people embraced me, including my enemies, and that is what I normally tell other people who say those who are struggling for liberation in their country are terrorists.”

Make peace with your enemy. He would tell them that in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community, they must reach out, shake hands and embrace their enemy in the cause of peace.  “If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.”

Fight poverty. Mandela would exhort Ethiopia’s youth that they can never create their Beloved Ethiopian Community when poverty threatens the very survival of millions of their compatriots.  He would tell them that they are Ethiopia’s greatest generation and best hope to lift their country out of the bottomless pit of poverty. “Overcoming poverty is not a task of charity, it is an act of justice. Like Slavery and Apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. Sometimes it falls on a generation to be great. YOU can be that great generation. Let your greatness blossom.”

Never compromise on principles. Mandela would urge Ethiopia’s youth not to compromise on principles in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community.   He would tell them that he struggled all his life against apartheid and discrimination because these evils are the mortal enemies of humanity. “I hate racial discrimination most intensely and all its manifestations. I have fought all my life; I fight now, and will do so until the end of my days…” He did. He would urge them to take a principled and uncompromising stand against hate in all its manifestations: tribalism, identity politics, communalism, ethnic divisiveness, gender oppression, economic exploitation and social discrimination.

Be optimistic and determined. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s youth to be optimistic in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community because Ethiopia’s best days are yet to come. “I am fundamentally an optimist. Whether that comes from nature or nurture, I cannot say. Part of being optimistic is keeping one’s head pointed toward the sun, one’s feet moving forward. There were many dark moments when my faith in humanity was sorely tested, but I would not and could not give myself up to despair. That way lays defeat and death.” Africa’s youth must keep on walking that long walk.  They must be Mandela-strong. “There are few misfortunes in this world that you cannot turn into a personal triumph if you have the iron will and the necessary skill.”

Learn and educate the people.  He would tell them education is the key to creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community. “Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world. No country can really develop unless its citizens are educated.”

Never be indifferent. He would tell them there can be no neutrality in the face of evil and injustice when building their  Beloved Ethiopian Community. The only thing more evil than evil is indifference to evil. Evil must be resisted in all its forms. If young people keep their minds open, the truth will reveal itself to them. “I had no epiphany, no singular revelation, no moment of truth, but a steady accumulation of a thousand slights, a thousand indignities and a thousand unremembered moments produced in me an anger, a rebelliousness, a desire to fight the system that imprisoned my people. There was no particular day on which I said, Henceforth I will devote myself to the liberation of my people; instead, I simply found myself doing so, and could not do otherwise.”

No cakewalk in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community. Mandela would tell Ethiopia’s youth to struggle for their Beloved Ethiopian Community. It will not be a cakewalk. It will be long, arduous and dangerous. “There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires.”

There are many more hills to climb.  The effort to create a Beloved Ethiopian Community will take Ethiopian youth over hills, valley and mountaintops.  There are dangers that lurk along the way. There will be little time to rest. “I have walked that ‘long road to freedom. I have tried not to falter; I have made missteps along the way. But I have discovered the secret that after climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb. I have taken a moment here to rest, to steal a view of the glorious vista that surrounds me, to look back on the distance I have come. But I can only rest for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I dare not linger, for my long walk is not ended.”

Always try to do good, to forgive, to reconcile… Mandela would tell them to do good, forgive and reconcile in creating their Beloved Ethiopian Community. They must try without the promise of success; try in the face of failure, doubt and uncertainty. Try even when tired and just can’t go on. Try when there is no hope. Try again after succeeding. Try when it ‘Mandela tried.

Ask not what Semayawi Party Movement can do for you, ask what you can do for Semayawi Party Movement… (to be continued).

Professor Alemayehu G. Mariam teaches political science at California State University, San Bernardino and is a practicing defense lawyer.

Previous commentaries by the author are available at:
http://open.salon.com/blog/almariam/
www.huffingtonpost.com/alemayehu-g-mariam/

Amharic translations of recent commentaries by the author may be found at:

http://www.ecadforum.com/Amharic/archives/category/al-mariam-amharic
http://ethioforum.org/?cat=24

http://somalilandpress.com/mandela%E2%80%99s-message-to-ethiopia%E2%80%99s-youth-never-give-up%E2%80%A6-46965

The 12 Business Books to Read in 2014

One of the highlights of becoming an author is getting to read some exciting books in advance, and hearing early buzz about others. It’s the book nerd’s version of seeing sneak previews of movies before they hit the silver screen.

Here are 12 books with big implications for the world of work that are likely to make a splash in the coming year:

1. Leaders Eat Last by Simon Sinek (January 7)

After taking the world by storm with his captivating message about purpose in Start With Why, Simon Sinek has turned his attention to critical questions about the how. What does it take for leaders to transform paranoia and cynicism into safety and trust? Is a common enemy necessary for cooperation? I can’t wait to read about what he’s learned from military and corporate leaders.

2. Quick and Nimble by Adam Bryant (January 7)

In an increasingly competitive and dynamic economy, every organization is charged with building a culture that supports innovation. Whereas most books on innovation take a deep dive into one company’s success or failure, New York Times Corner Office columnist Adam Bryant casts a more comprehensive net, interviewing hundreds of executives to identify what’s effective across industries. Bryant offers an expert guided tour through the minds of the world’s most innovative CEOs, sharing insights that are both enlightening and immensely practical.

3. Small Move, Big Change by Caroline Arnold (January 16)

When I go to bookstores, I usually steer clear of the self-help section. In this case, I would have missed a gem. Small Move, Big Change is a rare self-improvement book that actually works. With the right mix of research evidence and practical examples from her experience as a technology leader on Wall Street, Caroline Arnold provides compelling advice for motivating ourselves to save more, eat less, get organized, boost our willpower, and even keep our New Year’s resolutions. It’s the most useful guide to getting things done sinceGetting Things Done.

4. Scaling Up Excellence by Robert Sutton and Hayagreeva Rao (February 4)

When I work with leaders, I often ask them about the biggest challenge that they face. The most common response, by far, focuses on spreading and multiplying success. If you have one team that’s thriving while others are sinking, how do you export their best practices to other teams across your organization? This pair of eminent Stanford professors is the first to shed systematic light on the pervasive problem of scaling with a landmark book full of rich case studies, powerful research evidence, and actionable ideas for anyone who cares about making groups or organizations more effective.

5. Everything Connects by Faisal Hoque and Drake Baer (February 21)

Philosophy, business, and history come together in this look at leadership, creativity, innovation, and sustainability from a successful serial entrepreneur and a cutting-edge journalist. With takeaways for large global companies and small startups, this book examines what leaders can learn from Eastern wisdom, Da Vinci, and contemporary psychology.

6. Thanks for the Feedback by Douglas Stone and Sheila Heen (March 4)

This is a potentially life-changing look at one of the toughest but most important parts of life: receiving feedback. Doug Stone and Sheila Heen, coauthors of Difficult Conversations, show how to take an honest look in the mirror, and gain invaluable insights about the person staring back at you. I’ve already taught the principles in the classroom and applied them in my own life, and the payoffs include less defensiveness, more self-awareness, deeper learning, and richer relationships.

7. Thrive by Arianna Huffington (March 25)

In the quest for success, many people end up taking paths that they come to regret. Climbing up the ladder in pursuit of money and power, leaders and managers sacrifice their health and well-being, and miss out on meaningful opportunities to give back. Building on her celebratedThird Metric conferenceHuffington Post cofounder and president Arianna Huffington is on a mission to redefine success beyond money and power to enhance well-being, giving, wisdom, and creativity. This book may be the Lean In of 2014—for women and for men.

8. The Humor Code by Peter McGraw and Joel Warner (April 1)

Humor is an invaluable resource at work: it helps leaders defuse the tension in moments of crisis, managers temper the sting of tough feedback, and employees generate creative ideas in brainstorming sessions. Thanks to the global adventures of a zany social scientist and a perceptive journalist, we can all figure out how to become funnier, and laugh out loud along the way. This book is so good that I wish I wrote it. In fact, I’ve already started telling people I did. Luckily, Peter McGraw and Joel Warner are givers, so they won’t mind. They’ve given us a remarkable look at what makes us laugh, with the perfect blend of science, stories, satire, and sweater vests.

9. Brilliant by Annie Murphy Paul (April 8)

You’re either born smart or you’re not. Most people hate this notion, but never question whether it’s true. Science journalist Annie Murphy Paul shows us that it’s false: intelligence is a renewable resource. In Origins, she revealed that the nature-nurture debate has overlooked the formative nine months that we spend in the womb. Now, she marshals two decades of evidence from psychology and neuroscience to explain how we can make ourselves and our kids smarter. This book is poised to shake up our parenting habits, our schools, and our workplaces.

10. Think Like a Freak by Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner (May 13)

It’s one thing to admire the genius of the rogue economist and perceptive journalist who brought us Freakonomics and SuperFreakonomicsIt’s another thing entirely to understand how they come up with their brilliant ideas. Their latest book takes us behind the curtain with studies, stories, and illustrations that enrich our abilities to solve problems in our personal and professional lives.

11. Invisibles by David Zweig (May 15)

Why do some of the world’s most talented, accomplished people choose to fly under the radar, hiding in the shadows rather than clamoring for the spotlight? In his nonfiction debut, journalist David Zweig introduces us to some of the most successful people we’ve never heard of, from cinematographers to skyscraper engineers to United Nations interpreters. It’s a clarion call for work as a craft: for carefully honing expertise without hogging attention, for generously contributing knowledge without claiming credit, and for prizing meaningful work above public recognition.

12. Smartcuts by Shane Snow (September)

Although details are still under wraps, this book by journalist and tech entrepreneur Shane Snow promises to uncover unconventional patterns among rapidly successful businesses and people, from innovators and hackers to daredevils and revolutionaries. Snow is one of my favorite writers, a maven of creative productivity who holds the keys to becoming an expert in less than 10,000 hours.

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Adam Grant is a Wharton professor and the author of Give and TakeNew York Times andWall Street Journal bestseller on the hidden power of helping others. Follow him here by clicking the yellow FOLLOW above and on Twitter @AdamMGrant

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